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Word Study Basics

Commentaries and Dictionaries

A commentary is a book-length, written, systematic series of explanations and interpretations of Scripture.

   Commentaries often analyze or expound on individual books of the Bible, chapter by chapter
   and verse by verse. A commentary may explain the language or even individual words used
   in a section of text. Or it may discuss the historical background.

Almost all commentaries attempt to explain the passage in terms of some system (hermeneutic) of theology.

The New Interpreter’s Bible. 12 vols. BS 491.2 .N 484 1994 Reference Fl. 1

Presents leading biblical scholarship through an in-depth commentary on
the complete Bible. Contributors are leading biblical scholars who bring a
wealth of fresh perspectives to biblical interpretation.

The New Jerome Biblical Commentary. BS 491.2 .N485 1990 Reference Fl. 1

Verse-by-verse survey of the Bible. Examines the scientific, literary, and
historical content of Scripture, and reflects the exegetical diversity within

the community of Roman Catholic teachers.

Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament. 12 vols. Grand Rapids, Mich.: William B. Eerdman, 1977.
     BS440 .B5713 1977 Reference Fl. 1

Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. 10 vols. Edited by Gerhard Kittel and Gerhard Friedrich.
    Grand Rapids, Mich: Eerdmans, 1964-.   BS2312 .T53 1999 Reference Fl. 1